The decline in profitability of certain agricultural holdings has led many farmers to seek new alternatives to generate new and higher income on their land.
Since our beginnings, Noccis has sought and presented profitable alternatives in the medium - long term for our collaborators and clients, such as the cultivation of pistachio, walnut and pecan, as possible solutions to profitability problems of these agricultural operations.
Do not hesitate
Pistachio cultivation has a very promising future in areas with low temperatures in winter that favor its sprouting period and with high temperatures in summer, ideal for a good ripening of the fruit.
These areas include in the Iberian Peninsula, the regions of Castilla la Mancha, Extremadura, Madrid, Andalusia, Aragon, Catalonia, Castilla and León (being in the latter areas, it is advisable to plant later varieties).
With good advice and maintenance of the crop, the recovery of the investment is estimated in a short period, obtaining high income from that moment.
Walnut has a high quality wood, being highly appreciated in luxury joinery and turnery, also used ornamentally and for its production of nuts, providing great economic value.
In addition to the qualities of its excellent wood, its fruits have a high contribution of phosphorus, which makes it an excellent food product, as well as an important element in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
It requires between 600 and 900 hours of cold in winter to obtain a good production. As in the case of pistachios, there are different varieties (both rootstocks and grafts) that can be adjusted to the specific conditions of each territory, avoiding, for example, damage caused by late (spring) frosts.
The cultivation of walnut is proposed as an alternative to increase the profitability of other farms of various species of fruit trees, due, among other reasons, to the situation of the national market which presents a deficit production, the high valuation of the Spanish fruit above the imported and the existence of stable walnut prices (between 3 and 4 euros per kilo depending on the quality).
The almond tree is a crop native to Asia and North Africa, which has traditionally been cultivated in the Mediterranean Basin in dry conditions and under limiting edaphoclimatic conditions, but currently the new plantations are carried out with high densities and supported by fertigation, in order to maximize its productive efficiency.
It survives in poor soils and with prolonged periods of droughts, it supports high temperatures in summer and low temperatures in winter, but late frosts are a limitation in its cultivation.
The almond is an excellent source of essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals and fiber, and these properties have promoted an increase in the global consumption of this fruit.
The good scenario of the almond market and the need for alternative crops have led to the establishment of new almond plantations under deficit irrigation in non-traditional areas, and thanks to the introduction of new varieties better adapted to the limiting conditions of each area. , high productivity and excellent product quality have been achieved.
For all this, the almond tree has been consolidating in recent years, as a cultivation alternative that presents high profitability.
The hazel (Corylus avellana) native to Asia Minor, is currently present in
countries such as Turkey, Italy, Georgia, Azerbaijan, the United States, Chile, Spain, Iran, China and France, among others, considering Ukraine, South Africa, Argentina and Australia as potential productive countries.
In Spain, hazelnut is currently occupying more than 15,000 ha, and continues to make its way due to its rusticity and high profitability. It has a low water requirement and is present in temperate zones, with fresh and loose soils, siliceous or limestone, with pH slightly acidic to neutral, rich in nutrients and well drained.
The progressive demand for nuts, together with mechanized handling (maintenance, collection and processing) and the introduction of new varieties, make hazelnut a profitable and sustainable growing alternative.
Hazelnut stands out for the high quality of its wood and the nutritional benefits of its fruits. Its fruit has a high content of vitamin E and is rich in calcium, potassium, magnesium, folic acid, iron, copper, protein and fiber. On the other hand, it has a high antioxidant power and contributes to the proper functioning of the nervous and cardiovascular system.
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The great unknown
The cultivation of pecans presents great profitability due to the high prices paid to the producer, and its fruit can be used for direct consumption or for catering industries, in addition to offering by-products obtained from the nut that could increase profitability, such as the extraction of essential oils. and vitamin E, tannins and active carbon.
The pecan nut has a high nutritional value due to its high contribution of natural fibers and unsaturated oils. Its production is undergoing a continuous increase due to increased consumption, not only at the nutritional level, but in sectors such as cosmetics or health.
The Pinus pinea, called stone pine or tame pine, is a tree of Mediterranean origin and distribution, and popularly known for its pineapples and pine nuts, nuts of exquisite flavor, great nutritional value, high levels of essential fatty acids Omega 3 and 6 , Vitamin E, potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and zinc among others.
The stone pine has a greater presence and develops better in deep, sandy soils with good permeability, and due to its low nutrient demand, it does not require high-quality soils. Regarding the pH, it prefers neutral pH soils, although it is found in areas with a pH of 4 to 9.
It is a species quite resistant to drought and manages to develop both in warm-temperate climates and in cold-temperate climates.
Its high value as an ornamental tree, and above all the added value of pine nuts, one of the most exclusive and valued nuts at the gastronomic level, make the Stone Pine a fruit tree with high economic potential.
The high and growing demand for pine nuts, a stable market and the possibility of worldwide commercialization, make the cultivation of stone pine one of the most attractive and safe agricultural investments.